Bacterial Outbreak, Nakaapekto sa Libo-Libong Tao Matapos Magkaroon ng Factory Leak sa China

  Source: CNN Libo-libong tao sa northwest China ang nagpositibo sa isang bacterial disease, dulot ng isang leak sa isang biopharmaceutical ...

 

Source: CNN

Libo-libong tao sa northwest China ang nagpositibo sa isang bacterial disease, dulot ng isang leak sa isang biopharmaceutical company noong nakaraang taon, ayon sa mga awtoridad noong Setyembre 17.

Sa website na cnn.com, kinumpirma ng Health Commission of Lanzhou, kabisera ng Gansu province, na 3,245 katao ang nakakuha ng sakit na brucellosis, na kadalasang nakukuha mula sa “contact with livestock carrying the bacteria brucella.”

Pahayag ng city’s Health Commission, mayroon pang 1,401 katao ang itinuring bilang “preliminary positive,” kahit na walang naitatalang fatalities. Sa kabuuan, 21,847 katao sa 2.9 milyong populasyon ng siyudad ang na-test ng mga awtoridad.

Ang mga sintomas ng sakit, na kilala rin bilang Malta fever o Mediterranean fever, ay pananakit ng ulo, muscle pain, fever at fatigue. Ayon sa United States’ Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), ang ibang sintomas ay maaaring maging “chronic,” katulad sa arthritis o pamamaga ng “certain organs.”

Ayon pa sa website, “Human-to-human transmission is extremely rare, according to the CDC. Instead, most people are infected by eating contaminated food or breathing in the bacteria – which seems to be the case in Lanzhou.”

Nagmula raw ang outbreak sa isang leak sa Zhongmu Lanzhou biological pharmaceutical factory, na nangyari sa pagitan ng huling bahagi ng Hulyo hanggang sa huling bahagi ng Agosto noong nakaraang taon, ayon sa city’s Health Commission. Habang gumagawa raw noon ng Brucella vaccines na gagamitin sa mga hayop, gumamit ang pabrika ng mga expired na disinfectants at sanitizers.

“-- Meaning not all bacteria were eradicated in the waste gas. This contaminated waste gas formed aerosols that contained the bacteria – and leaked into the air, carried by wind down to the Lanzhou Veterinary Research Institute, where the outbreak first hit.”

Ayon naman sa Chinese state-run news agency na Xinhua, nagsimulang mag-ulat ang mga tao ng impeksyon noong Nobyembre. Sa pagtatapos ng Disyembre, halos 181 tao sa institute ang na-infect ng brucellosis.

Kabilang sa mga infected patients ang mga estudyante at faculty members ng Lanzhou University; kumalat din ang outbreak sa Heilongjiang province, kung saan 13 positibong kaso ang naitala, na nagtrabaho sa veterinarian institute noong Agosto.

Pahayag pa ng Lanzhou Health Commission, ilang buwan matapos ang outbreak, nagsagawa ng imbestigasyon ang provincial at municipal officials sa nasabing leak sa pabrika.

 “By January, authorities had revoked vaccine production licenses for the plant, and withdrew product approval numbers for its two Brucellosis vaccines. A total of seven veterinary drug product approval numbers were also canceled in the factory.

In February, the factory issued a public apology, and said it had “severely punished” eight people who were determined as responsible for the incident. It added that it would cooperate with local authorities in the response and cleanup efforts, and contribute to a compensation program for those affected.”

Inanunsyo rin ng Lanzhou Health Commission nito lamang Setyembre 17, na 11 pampublikong ospital ang magbibigay ng libre at regular na checkups para sa mga infected patients, na magsisimula sa Oktubre.

Brucellosis had been much more common in China in the 1980s, though it has since declined with the emergence of vaccines and better disease prevention and control. Still, there have been a smattering of brucellosis outbreaks around the world in the past few decades: an outbreak in Bosnia infected about 1000 people in 2008, prompting the culling of sheep other infected livestock.

In the US, brucellosis has cost the federal government and livestock industry billions of dollars. About 60% of female bison at Yellowstone National Park carry the bacteria, according to national park authorities.”

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